Jim Rutt (among other accomplishments, he’s the guy who coined the term “snail mail”) interviews evolutionary biologist Joe Henrich.
All kinds of great stuff here. Two points that stood out for me: First, literacy changes the physical structure of the brain.
The biggie, though, is offering an alternative/complimentary explanation to the “aliens arriving in 1000 A.D.” scenario.
If you looked at humanity 1000 years ago, and had to predict which population would end up most successful, you would have placed your bet on the Middle East/Islamic world. Maybe China.
But no way on Europe, which was a relatively primitive backwater.
Jared Diamond gave an answer in “Guns Germs and Steel”. Henrich expands on that with anthropology and psychology.
Very cool stuff.